File Nutrients value of some edible mushrooms in Côte d’Ivoire

Download nutriments_value_of_some_edible_mushrooms_ci.pdf (French/Belgium, 328 KB)
View Open in browser
Upload date 17 May 2016
Contributor Gouve Claver Yian
Geographical coverage Côte d'Ivoire
Keywords Edible mushrooms, nutrient value, polyphenols, antioxidant activity, antinutrients
Release date 17/05/2016
All versions
# Language File name Contributor Upload date Size Content type
1 French/Belgium nutriments_value_of_some_edible_mushrooms_ci.pdf (current) Gouve Claver Yian 17 May 2016 328 KB application/pdf

In order to promote consumption of edible mushrooms in Côte d’Ivoire, a chemical study was conducted. The composition of six species of edible mushrooms (Volvariella volvacea, Termitomyces letestui, Psathyrella tuberculata, Lentinus brunneofloccosus, Hirneola auriculajudae, Pleurotus ostreatus) was determined. The results showed that V. volvacea is the richest (P≤0.05) in fat (3.24 ± 0.24 % DM), sodium (67.41 ± 0.01 mg/100 g DM), phosphorus (2137.20 ± 0.10 mg/100 g DM), chlorine (889.13 ± 0.23 mg/100 g DM), flavonoids (3.15 ± 0.03 mg/100 g DM), tannins (17.59 ± 0.09 mg/100 g DM) and oxalates (253.93 ± 1.78 mg/100 g DM). T. letestui has a higher content (P≤0.05) of crude proteins (19.48 ± 0.65 % DM), digestible proteins (13.65 ± 0.46 % DM), ash (21.44 ± 0.34 % DM), magnesium (351.61 ± 0.07 mg/100 g DM), iron (1076.28 ± 0.17 mg/100 g DM) and copper (85.76 ± 0.02 mg/100 g DM). Reducing sugars (740.99 ± 3.94 mg/100 g DM), total sugars (1654.06 ± 0.00 mg DM) and potassium (8042.77 ± 0.31 mg DM) concentrations are greater (P≤0.05) in P. tuberculata. L. brunneofloccosus has a higher content (P≤0.05) of fibers (42.74 ± 0.07 % DM), calcium (337.89 ± 0.05 mg/100 g DM) and zinc (17.30 ± 0.00 mg/100 g DM). The highest content (P≤0.05) of digestible carbohydrates (57.60 ± 0.65 % DM), manganese (4.26 ± 0.00 mg/100 g DM), phytates (109.88 ± 0.13 mg/100 g DM) and a stronger (P≤0.05) anti-radical activity (51.75 ± 0.34 mg/100 g DM) were recorded in H. auriculajudae. P. ostreatus is richer (P≤0.05) in moisture (92.05 ± 0.55 % FM), energy (246.61 ± 1.41 kcal/100 g DM) and polyphenols (112.97 ± 0.28 mg/100 g DM). These results clearly show that mushrooms are rich in nutrients.